Cyber Threat Intelligence: Challenges and Opportunities

Sponsored by the Cybersecurity Strategy and Information Management Master's Program at the George Washington University’s College of Professional Studies in partnership with Cyber Security Forum Initiative (CSFI)

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From breaches like SolarWinds, to the Capitol Pipeline Ransomware incident, cyber-attacks present a growing threat to businesses, governments, and individuals around the world. Emerging cyber threats are so concerning that today, according to CISA, given the conflict in Ukraine, “every organization—large and small—must be prepared to respond to disruptive cyber incidents.”

One way to stay ahead of cyber adversaries, to comprehend threat actor capabilities and intentions and to support national and organizational defense is through the adoption of cyber threat intelligence. According to Teresa Shea, “ [Actionable intelligence is] intelligence that enables decisions for timely action or response. Examples include intelligence that enables preemptive strikes, counter-strategies, attribution, priority of threats, capabilities, intent, etc. It should answer the who, what, when, and why questions to drive operations for a more effective defense."

The speed, amount, and quality of cyber threat intelligence information sharing can provide the competitive edge organizations and cyber units desperately need to defend their OT/IT assets.

Despite the wide adoption of cyber threat intelligence, intelligence-driven cyber defense faces many challenges as organizations across the globe struggle to normalize the vast amounts of collected raw data and properly craft actionable cyber threat intelligence. Additional challenges range from timely and effective information sharing to the lack of metrics to evaluate cyber threat intelligence programs.


  • Connie Uthoff, Director, Cybersecurity Strategy and Information Management Master's Program
  • Dr. Paul de Souza, Cyber Security Forum Initiative (CSFI) President/Founder


  • Connie Uthoff


  • Ayesha Prakash, Vice President of Global Alliance Strategy, KELA
  • Teresa Shea, VP, Cyber Offense and Defense Experts, CODEX, Raytheon Intelligence and Space
  • Johnmichael O'Hare, Business Development at Cobwebs Technologies
  • Scott Stalker, Active Duty United States Marine; currently serves as the Command Senior Enlisted Leader of United States Space Command
  • Christopher Cleary, Principal Cyber Advisor, Department of the Navy

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GW's Cybersecurity Strategy and Information Management (CSIM) master's program was developed for working professionals from the military, homeland security and private sectors who want to gain the expertise to address current and emerging challenges in cyber space.